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St Barnabas

& St Paul's Church of England Primary School

Geography

Geography is taught at St. Barnabas and St. Paul’s through a topic based approach allowing it to be linked to other areas of the curriculum where appropriate. Each year group learns a different aspect of the geography curriculum linked to a set topic each half term ; all strands of the curriculum are met throughout the topic based approach. Geography at our school gives children the opportunity to look at the diverse world in which they live and explore the relationships between the earth, its resources and its people. The teachers at St Barnabas and St Pauls provide opportunities for children to develop a greater awareness, understanding and appreciation of everything that is around them from the immediate local environment to the wider world. Through the teaching of geography, children are presented with a balanced perspective on issues affecting the world. Geography encourages and enhances the enquiring nature of children’s minds, to promote questioning, observation, investigation, problem solving and critical evaluation skills. We provide opportunities for children to learn from their environment and to develop field work skills outside of the classroom, where this can be achieved safely.

We are now taking the topics and the objectives from the new curriculum.  The topics are as follows;

 

KEY STAGE ONE-Year 1

Weather

Where do leaves go in Winter? Look closely at local and international weather patterns. Use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study immediate environment. Identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the UK and location of hot and cold areas of the world.

 

Lake District

Identify physical features of Geographical areas (hills, lakes, rivers, mountains). Simple map work to locate different areas that are part of the Lake District.

 

Blackburn

Children are to develop their understanding of the local area by using simple observational skills to study the local area of Blackburn. To use directional language (near far; left and right) to describe the local features and routes.

 

 

KEY STAGE ONE-Year 2

The World

Why can’t a Meerkat live in the North Pole? To use atlases and globes to name and locate countries and continents around the World, looking closely at which four countries are part of the United Kingdom. To look closely at the similarities and differences between England and China. Children to identify locations of hot and cold places and to understand why we have hot and cold places.

 

The United Kingdom

Why do we have four countries making up the UK? Focus on the four countries that are part of the United Kingdom. Use maps to look closely at cities and towns and understand the differences. Children are to use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) when describing the location, features and routes on a map.

 

Blackpool

To locate a city in the UK on a map of England. Children to look closely at a popular UK area use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to: key physical features, including: beach, coast, sea, ocean, season and weather.

 

Mapping skills and fieldwork.

Why do we need maps and what can they show us? Use the 8 points of a compass, 4-figure grid references and symbols to navigate around an area and map. Use atlases to locate cities, towns and rivers in our local area.

 

Rivers, mountains and hills.

How are rivers, mountains and hills formed? Explore the features and changes of both rivers and mountains around the world and compare and contrast them to rivers and mountains in the UK. Investigate and explain how mountains and rivers are formed over time.

 

Lake District and hills.

Why are there so many hills in the Lake District? Locate and learn about the geographical region of the Lake District and identify human and physical characteristics and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time. Describe and understand why there are so many hills and lakes in the region and investigate the types of settlement and land use in the towns that are located in the Lake District.

 

 

KEY STAGE TWO – Year 3

Mapping skills and fieldwork.

Why do we need maps and what can they show us? Use the 8 points of a compass, 4-figure grid references and symbols to navigate around an area and map. Use atlases to locate cities, towns and rivers in our local area.

 

Rivers, mountains and hills.

How are rivers, mountains and hills formed? Explore the features and changes of both rivers and mountains around the world and compare and contrast them to rivers and mountains in the UK. Investigate and explain how mountains and rivers are formed over time.

 

Lake District and hills.

Why are there so many hills in the Lake District? Locate and learn about the geographical region of the Lake District and identify human and physical characteristics and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time. Describe and understand why there are so many hills and lakes in the region and investigate the types of settlement and land use in the towns that are located in the Lake District.

 

KEY STAGE TWO – Year 4

Volcanoes, Earthquakes and Tsunamis.

Why do natural disasters occur in the locations they do? Explore the ring of fire and explain how and why natural disasters occur in that area. Understand the features of volcanoes, earthquakes and tsunamis and explain how they form and the impact that they have on the affected area.

 

North America.

How is California geographically different to Lancashire? Use atlases to locate the continent of North America and the countries, cities and states within it. Explore the geography and climate of California and compare and contrast it with Lancashire. Recognise the key physical and human characteristics of North America.

 

Italy.

A detailed investigation into the geography of Italy. Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate Italy and find environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics and major cities and describe features studied.

 

 

KEY STAGE TWO – Year 5

Blackpool and coasts.

What occurs where land and sea meet? Locate coasts and seaside resorts on a map and identify the nearest ones to Blackburn. Develop geographical understanding of what a coast is and investigate the features of a coastline. Investigate and reflect on the effect erosion and deposition have on the coastline and understand why they need protecting.

 

Africa.

What is geographically important about Africa? Use mapping and locational skills to locate the continent of Africa and countries within it. Explore the position and significance of the equator, northern and southern hemispheres and the tropics in relation to the geographical make up of Africa, in particularly to compare and contrast the climate in Nairobi to Blackburn. Sort and recognise key physical and human characteristics of Africa and compare the different settlements in Kenya.  

 

South America.

Locate the countries of South America using maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping, concentrating on environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities. Focus on the important rivers and mountains and the impact these have on the types of settlement, land use, economic activity, trade links and the distribution of natural resources in South America.

 

 

KEY STAGE TWO – Year 6

Rainforests and the water cycle.

Why are the rainforests important to us?  Locate rainforests around the world and draw conclusions about their location in relation to the equator and the tropics. Understand the make-up of a rainforest and how they impact on the whole world. Research which animals can be found in a rainforest and why some are becoming endangered. Make geographical links between the climate in a rainforest and how the watercycle works.

 

Brazil.

A detailed investigation into the geography of Brazil. Locate environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics and major cities and describe features studied. Identify the position and significance of the Equator and the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn including the impact these have on the climate and rainfall in an area of Brazil. Compare and understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of Brazil and Blackburn.

 

A UK city study of London.

Focussing on our capital city, locate London and identify human and physical characteristics of it. Use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in London using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

Updated Jan 2020

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